>They are not different things.
Wage labor is when you pay someone MONEY WAGES in exchange for their labor-power. The wages correspond, basically, to what the wage-laborer requires to continue working, through a combination of the value needed to replace his daily physical necessities and his ability to negotiate within the market. These wages are by definition less than the total surplus produced in the act of production. The wage-laborer gets his part, the wages, and the capitalist receives the remaining surplus to do with as he wishes. The labor vouchers described by Marx are neither money nor wages and he even explains why. The labor vouchers also give each worker an equal share of the total social product minus certain funds earmarked for public goods. This is NOT how wage labor functions.
>Labor vouchers still necessitate the extraction of surplus value via taxes.
I think a lot of people are confused by Cockshott's erroneous idea that value continues to exist in socialist society, but he's wrong, just as he's wrong on many things. There is no surplus value in socialist society and not even value as such. What Marx describes is that a portion of the total social product - which we can call surplus product - is earmarked for public goods. There is no surplus value being extracted from anyone, since "extraction" implies an exploitative relationship.
>They just eliminate the rentier possibilities that arise via the circulation of money as a commodity. Once again: Read Kritik des Gothaer Programms...
Again, I've read this a million times plus Capital plus Anti-Duhring.
>The dictatorship of the proletariat is not an economic mode of production, simple as.
I never said it was. It's the TRANSITION PERIOD. A transition period is by definition the changes which form a bridge between two definite categories.
>You are inventing your own theory here.
I'm telling you what Marx and Engels wrote.
>It is a political system and has nothing to say about how far the economic transition process is.
The whole point of the DOTP is for the workers to seize political power and put the means of production under common ownership. This can only be achieved by means of a political struggle. Once this struggle has been won, and the means of production are now brought under common ownership (not just de jure
but in terms of real effective control) then the lower phase of communism begins.