>1) Why did relations between the Chinese and the Soviets deteriorate so much after the death of Stalin?
they didn't. relations were at their peak in 1953-1958, only beginning to sour at the end of the decade. as to why this happened, there are several causes, namely conflicting interests between the two, china feeling "mistreated" by the USSR, and direct actions like the removal of engineers. lots of coercion and chauvanism on both sides, and it's just as likely a split may have occured regardless of what went down between khrushchev and mao.
>2) Is there anything that could have been done to prevent the sino-soviet split?
honestly can't say, because china obviously had its own ambitions. the USSR could have made more concessions but its effects would have very likely been futile.
>3) Is Khrushchev revisionist? And if so, how were his policies revisionist? And when did he restore capitalism to the soviet union?
he didn't revise marxism, if not only because he didn't really write anything lol. he was just another soviet communist and examples of his "revisionism" are mostly semantical and based not on material realities but what he chose to refer to things as (see: whole people's state.)
capitalism was restored in the USSR not in a swift blow, but in a proccess throughout the late 80s and early 90s. if you want an exact year—which is usually advise against, because stuff like "capitalism got restored in 1924/53/56 is anti-materialist larp—it'd depend on how you classify it. for me, i'd say the intensification of perestroika and legalisation of business for profit in 1987 would be the one. or, you could say it was 1985 when gorbachev was elected by the CPSU (though, like the larp examples, it doesn't make sense since it's not like him just coming to power instantly made the USSR capitalist) or in 1991 when the CPSU was banned and the socialist state as a whole being flushed down the toilet.
>4) Why do maoists consider the Soviet Union a dictatorship of the German fascist type?
polemical larp. it's mostly just the crazy ones; maoists i know personally realise equating the USSR with hitler is both wrong and borderline shameful, considering this was the same USSR which made the greatest sacrifice against nazism.
>5) What is social imperialism? Can I have some examples of the soviets doing it?
explained this already
>6) If the cultural revolution is the answer to revisionism, how come it didn't work?
the cultural revolution served mostly to solidify mao's power and to make chinese society more socialist and "radical." it didn't work in combatting deng because for one its drawbacks gave rise to his reforms, and just attacking individuals you deem as holding incorrect views does nothing to change the material conditions for such views to arise. this goes for people who think the solution to actual revisionism is just "durrrrr just purge over and over and over" instead of addressing the cause directly.
>7) Was the Soviet Union state capitalist under Khrushchev, Brezhnev, Andropov, and Chernenko?
it was state capitalist under none of them. state capitalism in this case seems to just be "socialist state that is no longer socialist in my eyes but it still has big state control therefore it is state capitalism" which is not what state capitalism is.
>8) If capitalism was restored in the 1960s USSR, how come it didn't experience business cycles, reserve army of labor, huge gaps in income inequality, or any of the other symptoms of capitalism if this is true?
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