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Education, Literature, History, Science

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Reading Comrade 04/10/2020 (Fri) 07:54:55 No. 701 [Reply] [Last]
How do you read? I am sick of looking at my laptop to read these huge pdfs, there must be a better way that doesn't burn my retinas and destroy my posture! E-readers? Libraries? Just buying every book that you wish to read? Please share your ideas, also reading based pics.
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>>821 The battery life is still pretty great on it after a year and a half or so of use. I once took it on a family vacation and blazed through Trotsky's History of the Russian Revolution for several hours a day for a week, never had to charge the eReader once. I may be remembering wrong but I think the battery is replaceable if needed, there's no glue or shit like on the Kindles. A radical bookstore is a bookstore specializing in radical left / socialist books. Look for independent bookstores in your city and radical bookstores should be on the list if you have one nearby. Typically they'll be cash only. Anarchist bookstores are more common than Marxist / "authleft". Besides buying books, radical bookstores are a good place to socialize and learn which events are happening in your area without the sectarian spin. http://www.maydaybookstore.org/ Mayday Books is my specific example, I don't think I'm doxxing myself too bad.
>>712 Will summoning communist literature mitigate this problem?
>>821 I use kindle, but I mostly read physical books.
I could not find a reading position that did not feel like destroying my posture. Even reading while standing I have to turn my head way down.
>>896 Hold the book up higher.

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Libertarian marxist? Comrade 04/06/2020 (Mon) 13:08:36 No. 433 [Reply] [Last]
I'm not sure sure where I sit on the left exactly because i am very sympathetic to alot of ansyn and mutualist anarchist models and also strongly center my belifes around the labor theory of value but I don't belive in the dissolution of the state but instead the state only existing as a democratic and transparent beuracratic entity that can mediate between potential disputes between communes and plan for projects that would involve multiple communes coperation Would it be apt to refer to this as libertarian Marxism?
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>>498 do Italian leftcoms even have an analysis of imperialism or the national question? or is it just an attitude of "surely once the imperialist countries have their own spontaneous socialist revolutions, it won't be a problem"?
>>507 Yes. You should try reading the works.
>>492 >So you take a letter from a faction in the Middle-East as representative of all libertarian socialists? Come on, tell me with a straight face you're arguing in good faith. I said read the signers... Noam Chomsky, Debbie Bookchin, David Graeber, David Harvey. It's a who's who of the most well known living libertarian socialist writers in the United States. >some are more useful than others for purposes of bringing down capitalism, so there has to be something more to it than just the class character of the inventors/designers/engineers. Well yes there is, but only insofar as the physical character of the machine facilitates or necessitates class domination. >I was alluding to Habermas there (whom I mentioned in my post) who holds that there can be no true liberation as long as "technology" dominates, because regardless of what class creates a technological artifact, we are still dominated by that artifact. It doesn't matter who builds a car, you still have to refuel that car at some point because there is no such thing as a perpetual motion machine. Sounds like a man after my own heart. I still don't see how this is on topic. > This is where pure, orthodox Marxism is lacking, because while class-belonging is a very big deal, it does not tell us the whole story and leaves us vulnerable to pitfalls. ???? The failing of Orthodox Marxism is that it is non-marxist. It holds that we can bring about socialism through reform. >For example, look at the usual defense of DPRK -- they say that because there is no bourgeoisie in the Marxist sense, all exploitation has ceased!, yet there is still a minority group that holds all the power and makes the decisions, whether they personally own private property is irrelevant.

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>>433 I believe in a decentralized model as well. I usually describe myself as a libertarian socialist, more or less, to normies. But that changes when libertarian types start talking, then I become stalinist.
>>888 Your reply lacks substance. "Talk" about what? >decentralized model Presumably other things than organizing? >Stalinist I guess this is code for anger issues over something. Protip: let go of the anarchists, keep the councilcoms, Bordigists, Luxemburgists and De Leonists and you'll see yourself becoming far more level-headed.

Comrade 04/12/2020 (Sun) 09:40:04 No. 805 [Reply] [Last]
What do I need to /edu/cate myself on if I want to spot sloppy research? Like, what is a controlled study, when is the correlation significant enough to be taken seriously, things like that.
>what is a controlled study Where you have two research subjects, the test group and the control group You change something from the default state for the test group, and leave the control group the same >when is the correlation significant enough to be taken seriously, Depends on what you're looking for, whether you want to minimize false positives or negatives on the likelihood of the effect being real etc Sometimes spotting spotty research is just a matter of looking for tells If what the abstract claims is different or hyping the results the research deserves extra scrutiny in some cases for example
It's all shit, or at least most of it is. Google "the null ritual".
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>>831 Do you mean this? I started reading it but gave up after a few pages because I don't know anything about the statistics it speaks of.
>>870 Yes, that is exactly what I was referencing. There is an episode of a podcast called "Not Related" that goes into it as well, although the actual demonstration of the issue is in the paper. The methods that it talks about in there are exactly the kinds of statistics you will need to learn if you are interested in experimental design, or at least if you want to understand the quantitative methods used in academia rn. I was taught null hypothesis testing in my undergrad, but fortunately I also studied enough math to see that it is largely bullshit. I mean, it does have an application but the way it is applied is quite literally cargo cult behavior. You may also want to look into the replicability crisis in science, as well as the new paradigms in theoretical physics that will hopefully displace the dead-end trend towards quantizement that we've seen taken to ridiculous extrememes in the past few decades. I don't have much faith that this will actually be realized, bourgeois academia is in decay, but the theoretical groundwork is there (quantum gravity is one such theory which is kinda controversial but there are others as well).

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Cuba and Venezuela before the revolution. Comrade 04/11/2020 (Sat) 02:08:21 No. 754 [Reply] [Last]
What do people exactly mean when they claim Cuba and Venezuela were richer before their socialist governments? was it close to an oligarchy?
It means they don't understand what the fuck they are talking about. Cuba was literally a massive casino.
>>754 venezuela had a functional bourgeois democracy since the late 1940s or so called the "punto fijo" (fixed point). they had two political parties that alternated power with each other for decades until Chavez destroyed the system. Of course the republic mostly served the interests of the rich and did little to alleviate the suffering of the poor, so the political system became more and more unworkable over the decades until it went into a terminal crisis in the 80s and 90s. There is still a lot of debate over whether the economy was imbalanced and too lopsided toward extractive oil industries, or whether it could have taken a different path or something.
>>754 >>798 here are some annotated bibliographies for books on Chavez/bolivarian revolution https://pastebin.com/y4CVgm9P here's one on the cuban revolution https://pastebin.com/kKXwEL55
>>798 sorry it came about in 1958* not in the late 1940s
>Dirty commies took away grandpa’s slaves, they should all be exterminated, blacks belong to whites and Cuba belongs to America Basically this

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/tech/ history Historian 02/29/2020 (Sat) 09:41:10 No. 299 [Reply] [Last]
It seems to me that in the software world people like to rediscover things that were already known by LISP programmers in the 70s. I don't want to fall into this trap, so please post historical documents/lectures/etc. about technology!
>>299 I agree with this, that most common concepts 'discovered' today were already discovered (including algorithms) by CS researchers in the 30s to the 60s/70s (including all major search/sort algorithms, data structures, and even neural nets albeit simple ones.

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Islamic terrorism and the Geopolitics of WANA Comrade 04/11/2020 (Sat) 13:55:11 No. 762 [Reply] [Last]
International Islamic Terrorism and it's effects in the WANA region. Tell me about it. What are some good books on them and their ideology. The rivalry between pro-MB Qatar, Turkey and the Wahhabi Saudi Arabia and UAE. How long has this rivalry been brewing. Now days Qatar is presented as a terror financing bogeyman in Pro-Saudi media. They blame it for financing almost every terrorist group from Al-Qaeda to ISIS to Hezbollah. And even blame it for funding local opposition in the states that boycotted it: Saudi Arabia, Egypt, UAE, Bahrain. Explain this rivalry to me. And how is it affecting the region. And what truth does the boycott allegations have? https://youtu.be/qqETCuff4lw https://youtu.be/vJyrbw7dvR4 Reasons of the boycott by AlArabiya: https://youtu.be/8Nj4TgxoBto UAE-funded news on Qatar and the MB: https://www.thenational.ae/opinion/editorial/the-west-must-wake-up-to-the-muslim-brotherhood-s-malevolence-1.977207 Also refute this: https://youtu.be/lxp-HDSARXs pic unrelated

Social Skills, Charisma, etc. Comrade 04/08/2020 (Wed) 12:55:01 No. 554 [Reply] [Last]
Posts docs n shit about improving social skills and charisma It is important that communists have good charisma when canvassing and interacting with others.
>>554 as with anything it requires practice and commitment things like eye contact posture and really listening to the people you are speaking with is critically important when engaging with others something simple as being able to remember their name and something unique about them and use it again later goes far in making people like you. in the political sense if talking with normies try not to go to heavy with the theory stuff talk about it in the basest of terms and speak primarily about the benefits that they would have with such a system
I discovered a year ago that the appaerance is absolutely important to the people, their sayings of "don't trust in the appaerance" and such are a lie. I have rasurate and care for my skin to not have any acne, cut my hair to a young Stalin level aprox., correct my posture when I am with others, buy a couple of new -seminew- clothes (good sweater, serious shirt, overcoat, good pants... And people will treat you with more much respect and seriously. Of you can look to your watch instead the phone the better, and when sounds, ask the other if you can take it to look who is it and switch it off.

Comrade 04/09/2020 (Thu) 16:37:18 No. 638 [Reply] [Last]
Hi comrades, Now I am procrastinating. It's seems that procrastination is an increasingly psicological problem in our society, specially young people. I personally had procrastinated too much in my life agravated by my OCD (obsession with that activity), Generalized Ansxiety Disorder (that increases my anxiety to do the hard thing) and partial insomnia (so, I procrastinate to very late, that harms my sleep). I achieved, with +10 ten times more of time of the average, write my final work for University. Now I think I will not be able to write a couple of "easy" articles to a institution interested in me, pointing to me as garbage. Did the same when I was in the Communist Party Youngs and must read a lot of directives, to read and take notes of political, history and philsophy books, etc. Did you procrastinate /edu/? If you did and now not, how the heck you broke this vicious circle of improductiviy?
Just get something, anything down on paper or word processor Even if It's just a series of dot points under various headings or you record your self rambling on the topics thinking out loud and transcribe it then come back and report to us lad
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Pic related worked for me, it's much easier to start if you know that you can stop after a fixed duration instead of attempting a potentially endless marathon. It also helps with focus and distractions. Just make sure to adjust the working time, I started at just 15 minutes and gradually made it longer and longer. For writing, specifically, when I get stuck I like to set a timer for 5 minutes and just write anything that comes to my mind during that time. Without any editing or going back. After the time is over I edit it and usually end up throwing much of it out but it helps to get some momentum.
I also have severe issues with this. Having this thread here, and knowing other comrades are in similar ruts, kind of soothes the sore. I will try my best to address this problem with the help of the resources found ITT so far. I had, for example, downloaded a pomodoro >>643 applet for my computer, but never used it. I think I'll start giving it some tries.

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Infographics, Guides, etc Comrade 04/04/2020 (Sat) 00:24:56 No. 310 [Reply] [Last]
A thread for informative content of all types
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Comrade 04/04/2020 (Sat) 01:26:02 No. 313 [Reply] [Last]
Is this a good book? Especially for a beginner?
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>>373 >No variable capital means no surplus value will be made, capitalism ceases. Shouldn't the second formula then be Value of C'= c + (v + s) and the first one just Value of C = c? Because just because you have constant capital doesn't mean you have to invest in variable capital. A contemporary example being that Philadelphia hospital. It's capital without the investment of variable capital and therefore it's just dead and not making a profit, so it's C = c.
>>375 The goal of investingen is getting a profit out of it. Do the workers there work for free?
>>376 *investments
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>>342 The amount of value in the economy never changes. Our perception of value is X and all movements of capitalism are to establish equilibrium with X. It is through this myopic rush to stabilize profitability that things like the profit rate drop, wages get squeezed, productivity goes up, etc etc etc when people try to use the government to act on, say, the min wage. Because capital is constantly trying to find equilibrium with what current rate of profit. Making more commodities means producing above the socially necessary labor time . (The time it takes on average to produce a particular commodity.) So, because you have, again, disturbed the current equilibrium by producing above the socially necessary labor time capital is going to try and stabilize and find the new rate of profit; everyone is going to mad dash to try and meet the new social standard of labor time and thus will raise the average above that of what once was the previous average; You need to understand, also, through this relationship that producing more and doing it more quickly means you are able to lower your prices and, as such, in order to keep up and not die out your competition is going to follow in your coat tails. It is through this process that the rate of profit or the ability to exploit surplus labor falls because when you raise the bar everyone follows suit, cutting their bottom line and creating a new standard over and over and over and over again. That is why making more commodities means less over all surplus labor value for the capitalists because everyone is constantly trying to sell their product for lower and lower in a myopic dash to make more profits while simultaneously cutting labor through innovation and increasing productivity.
It's fine. It shows that the "neoclassical economists really have to be the most brilliant among their peers to figure out that capitalism is killing everyone. But even when they reach this point, they still won't suggest to get rid of it, merely to reform it with 99 % global tax on the superrich etc.


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