/edu/ - Education

Education, Literature, History, Science

Mode: Thread

Max message length: 8192


Max file size: 20.00 MB

Max files: 3


(used to delete files and postings)


Remember to follow the rules

The Leninist root of Third Worldism (Maoism) Comrade 07/10/2020 (Fri) 18:27:40 No. 2263 [Reply] [Last]
>Those workers (proletarians) in the developed countries who benefit from the superprofits extracted from the impoverished workers of developing countries form an "aristocracy of labor". The phrase was popularized by Karl Kautsky in 1901 I'm noticing this really is a recurring theme with Lenin, but I'll leave this for another thread... >and theorized by Vladimir Lenin in his treatise on Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism. According to Lenin, companies in the developed world exploit workers in the developing world where wages are much lower. The increased profits enable these companies to pay higher wages to their employees "at home" (that is, in the developed world), thus creating a working class satisfied with their standard of living and not inclined to proletarian revolution. It is a form of exporting poverty, creating an "exclave" of lower social class. Lenin contended that imperialism had prevented increasing class polarization in the developed world and argued that a workers' revolution could only begin in one of the developing countries, such as Imperial Russia. By contrast, the definition within revolutionary syndicalism is that trade union bureaucracy, 'yellow unions', or social democratic unions were labelled 'labor aristocracy', (the IWW for example instead being a revolutionary industrial union, created within the orthodox Marxist theories of De Leonism).
1 post omitted.
>>2264 This thread addresses Leninism primarily cunt.
What is to be done as class-conscious proletarians of the developed countries if Revolution can only arise from developing nations, and those populations do not desire our adventurist migration there?
>>2734 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=neI-ol2AowM >How to Think Like a Vietnamese Communist: An Intro to Dialectical Materialism!
>>2263 >The increased profits enable these companies to pay higher wages to their employees "at home" (that is, in the developed world) has anybody verified this using data if possible? doesn't this imply that as places like China become more 'developed' and wages rise, wages will balance out between the developed/developing world and perhaps agitate the proletariat in developed countries to revolution?

early burger history Comrade 07/31/2020 (Fri) 11:14:32 No. 2784 [Reply] [Last]
I'm teaching US History I to high schoolers next year; if I can pill the more curious students (in a non-obnoxious way), that's obviously ideal. Things I'm looking for: 1) Rapidly catching up on my own knowledge of the period. I know a bit, but US history I'm weaker on than in most subjects despite being a burgerlander myself. 2) "Antiracist" teaching resources that don't suck. I'm in a metropolitan area in the northeast so the hold of radlib thinking over the profession is quite strong; but this seems more of an opportunity to me than a problem in this case because there's a lot of overlap in themes (settler colonialism, exploitation in slavery, the construction of race, skepticism towards "patriotic" narratives, &c.) and that gives latitude to introduce things related to that even when it doesn't slot in easily to the official curriculum. Books are good, but non-book resources are better, since I love books but most high schoolers don't. 3) From those who teach HS or lower, anything more generally that they'd recommend re: navigating the profession etc (although maybe that's something that deserves a separate thread)
There is some stuff on the MEGA libraries on >>/leftypol/668814
>>2784 >>2784 1) & 2) Where to even start American history is so rich with examples of racial and capitalist development in how America was discovered at the very beginning of capitalism as a system. It would not be hard to put America into context the need for capitalists to generate wealth to fuel their home industries and put into place racist, violent systems to divide the working class. Capital Vol 1 (Part VIII) has a section describing the basis for colonization on the early history of America. >The discovery of gold and silver in America, the extirpation, enslavement and entombment in mines of the aboriginal population, the beginning of the conquest and looting of the East Indies, the turning of Africa into a warren for the commercial hunting of black-skins, signalised the rosy dawn of the era of capitalist production. These idyllic proceedings are the chief momenta of primitive accumulation. On their heels treads the commercial war of the European nations, with the globe for a theatre. It begins with the revolt of the Netherlands from Spain, assumes giant dimensions in England’s Anti-Jacobin War, and is still going on in the opium wars against China, &c. ... These methods depend in part on brute force, e.g., the colonial system. But, they all employ the power of the state, the concentrated and organized force of society, to hasten, hot-house fashion, the process of transformation of the feudal mode of production into the capitalist mode, and to shorten the transition. Force is the midwife of every old society pregnant with a new one. It is itself an economic power. You most likely know about this but I would recommend A People's History of the United States by Howard Zinn. -The American Political Tradition And the Men Who Made it by Richard Hofstadter -An Indigenous Peoples' History of the United States by Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz -The Road Not Taken by Lerone Bennett ( https://msuweb.montclair.edu/~furrg/essays/bennettroad.html ) Not a book and is a short one. >What makes this all the more mournful is that it didn't have to happen that way. There was another road -- but that road wasn't taken. In the beginning, as we have seen, there was no race problem in America. The race problem in America was a deliberate invention of men who systematically separated blacks and whites in order to make money. This was, as Kenneth Stampp so cogently observed, a deliberate choice among several alternatives. ... Back there, before Jim Crow, before the invention of the Negro or the white man or the words and concepts to describe them, the Colonial population consisted largely of a great mass of white and black bondsmen, who occupied roughly the same economic category and were treated with equal contempt by the lords of the plantations and legislatures. Curiously unconcerned about their color, these people worked together and relaxed together. They had essentially the same interests, the same aspirations, arid the same grievances. They conspired together and waged a common struggle against their common enemy -- the big planter apparatus and a social system that legalized terror against black and white bondsmen. -The Many-Headed Hydra: Sailors, Slaves, Commoners, and the Hidden History of the Revolutionary Atlantic by Peter Linebaugh and Marcus Rediker >the authors show how ordinary working people led dozens of rebellions on both sides of the North Atlantic. The rulers of the day called the multiethnic rebels a ‘hydra’ and brutally suppressed their risings, yet some of their ideas fueled the age of revolution. -An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States by Charles Beard 3) As someone who went to high school in the same region as you're working in and recently graduted, I would not hesitate to assign reading short passages because it opened my eyes to so many different interpretations and it made me a better reader. All of the material earlier is what I can remember from being in a US history class taught by an anti-racist, (openly) Marxist. He was so bold he assigned reading the Communist Manifesto as homework assignment and to either affirm/deny the predictions made in the Manifesto in the modern era which gave an out for the students who disagreed with the reading. The point, maybe you can't be so ambitious in your school as to give the Manifesto, is that it's definitely possible to create a historical anti-racist, working class, multi-racial narrative in the school system. Good luck ! Hope you follow up on your results
Oh and to add on to that there is a fair amount of relevant writing that Marx did on race/ethnicity and the American Civil War. He was a journalist for the NY Tribune https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/subject/newspapers/new-york-tribune.htm https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1870/letters/70_04_09.htm >And most important of all! Every industrial and commercial centre in England now possesses a working class divided into two hostile camps, English proletarians and Irish proletarians. The ordinary English worker hates the Irish worker as a competitor who lowers his standard of life. In relation to the Irish worker he regards himself as a member of the ruling nation and consequently he becomes a tool of the English aristocrats and capitalists against Ireland, thus strengthening their domination over himself. He cherishes religious, social, and national prejudices against the Irish worker. His attitude towards him is much the same as that of the “poor whites” to the Negroes in the former slave states of the U.S.A.. The Irishman pays him back with interest in his own money. He sees in the English worker both the accomplice and the stupid tool of the English rulers in Ireland. >This antagonism is artificially kept alive and intensified by the press, the pulpit, the comic papers, in short, by all the means at the disposal of the ruling classes. This antagonism is the secret of the impotence of the English working class, despite its organisation. It is the secret by which the capitalist class maintains its power. And the latter is quite aware of this. https://marxists.catbull.com/history/international/iwma/documents/1864/lincoln-letter.htm >The workingmen of Europe feel sure that, as the American War of Independence initiated a new era of ascendancy for the middle class, so the American Antislavery War will do for the working classes. They consider it an earnest of the epoch to come that it fell to the lot of Abraham Lincoln, the single-minded son of the working class, to lead his country through the matchless struggle for the rescue of an enchained race and the reconstruction of a social world

(2.91 MB 500x200 untitled-15.gif)
Is it possible that magic and myth are true? Anonymous 07/21/2020 (Tue) 22:51:05 No. 2633 [Reply] [Last]
Inspired by my reading of the book, Ishmael, by Daniel Quinn How do we know myths, stories, magic, etc. are not real? Assuming what we know scientifically is true, how does this negate myth, legend, etc? Why are dinosaurs not simultaneously animals and also monsters when they fit what we would have called monsters? Why are overriding social systems not tantamount to a spirit or God when they control our actions and shape our life histories even if they don't act consciously? Are they not what we'd call an egregor, i.e., a presence brought into existence by the actions and beliefs of a large number of people? Is our Sun not a God when it is responsible for all life on Earth? Is the biosphere not some sort of Earth spirit when it encompasses all living things yet influences each individually and can be destroyed through harming the Natural (non-human) World. Are spirits not the electrical currents moving through your brain? Do we not tell history as a story? In the beginning there was nothing but the One, then the One expanded into the Everything, as the Everything continued to expand soon the beating hearts of the Everything, the Stars began to form from the energy of the Beginning, the stars coalesced into huge interstellar communities, galaxies; in the nuclear core of the stars more building elements were created, and from the stars came the planets; in the deep seas of one planet around one star life formed out of the energy of the planet's iron core, over the course of billions of years life arose in complexity in a way matching the Everything until finally from Life emerged the Someone, a complex arrangement of the Everything capable of consciously perceiving itself. Why isn't our understanding of the Universe, even being scientifically true, a myth? Myths were once truths, after all.
14 posts and 1 image omitted.
(495.61 KB 450x192 Get Out Snape.gif)
>>2724 Go back to your chamber logician, you have no power here ya unimaginative killjoy.
>>2724 There is no difference between the natural and the supernatural What separates the Sun from an unconscious creator god?
This is what happens when you don't read Marx
>>2731 And this is what happens when you read Marx poorly. Reread the chapter on commodity fetishism. Magic is materialistic and structural, it has no need for idealism.
Nothing real can be threatened. Nothing unreal exists. Herein lies the peace of God.”

Gulag Archipelago Comrade 07/17/2020 (Fri) 21:44:22 No. 2493 [Reply] [Last]
According to Gulag Archipelago, torture, rape, and killing of peasants and political dissidents was common practice in soviet gulags. Was this really the case?
3 posts and 1 image omitted.
>>2497 >why crypto anti-semites like Jordan Peterson Okay, easy there Alex Jones. Got proof of that? >reads modern historical research on the USSR What exactly is that?
>>2499 The irony is that Stalin's paranoia about the fragility of the communist project is what made the project so fragile.
>>2769 Considering that it lasted more than 2x his life-time and was the second world superpower of its time... nope.
>>2776 Considering that people starved in the 30s and eventually it failed... yep.
>>2799 Considering natural and regular famines were eliminated (along with homelessness, illiteracy, etc.) and only came back after US neoliberal sabotage... nope. The Soviet Union wasn't perfect, but if you compare it with most third world government then AND now, it was surprisingly functional and much better. Are people who criticize the Soviet Union all rich cunts from the third world and fist world middle upper class? Nigga, they're kidnapping our sisters and daughters and selling them, we're getting shot at on the regular, either by "clean cops", regular dirty cops, drug dealers, by petty thieves who are usually kids, by politicians who don't like "activists", we're getting run over by cars, dying from shitty food (because healthy food is expensive), overwork, stress, anxiety, lack of access to medicine and medics. All these things did not exist for the majority of the people in the soviet union for the vast majority of its existence. Yeah maybe Stalin was a paranoid cunt and a totalitarian leader, but ffs, the quality of life was much much better than it is now for MOST OF US. Fucking privileged pricks, I swear.

(59.43 KB 800x450 maxresdefault.jpg)
The question is when Anonymous 07/27/2020 (Mon) 03:39:14 No. 2874 [Reply] [Last]
The late 2010's and early 2020's upheavals were predicted 10 years ago by a relatively simple model that accounts for elite infighting, income inequality, number of 18-29 y.o. people, etc. The same analysis was retroactively applied to many civil wars and revolutions throughout history and the results were pretty consistent: wars, revolutions and upheavals follow pretty deterministic patterns. The thing that's impossible to predict, is the trigger, the casus belli. In-depth paper in [1], 2020 prediction in [2]. On the other hand the rate of profit is falling (empirically proven in [3]), which makes the contradictions accelerate: median living conditions become increasingly unbearable, inequality between the working population and the elite skyrockets, etc. (coronavirus and climate change are just accelerating even further the process). The question is not if, but when, will capitalism collapse. Two options at that point: regression, the elite fights back and wins (fascism, neo-feudalism, apocalyptic-tier world wars, pick your poison) or progression, the working class fights back and wins (socialism, which means the long term construction of post-scarcity society i.e. communism). [1]: https://escholarship.org/uc/item/6qp8x28p [2]: https://www.nature.com/articles/463608a >Quantitative historical analysis reveals that complex human societies are affected by recurrent — and predictable — waves of political instability (P. Turchin and S. A. Nefedov Secular Cycles Princeton Univ. Press; 2009). In the United States, we have stagnating or declining real wages, a growing gap between rich and poor, overproduction of young graduates with advanced degrees, and exploding public debt. These seemingly disparate social indicators are actually related to each other dynamically. They all experienced turning points during the 1970s. Historically, such developments have served as leading indicators of looming political instability >Very long 'secular cycles' interact with shorter-term processes. In the United States, 50-year instability spikes occurred around 1870, 1920 and 1970, so another could be due around 2020. We are also entering a dip in the so-called Kondratiev wave, which traces 40-60-year economic-growth cycles. This could mean that future recessions will be severe. In addition, the next decade will see a rapid growth in the number of people in their twenties, like the youth bulge that accompanied the turbulence of the 1960s and 1970s. All these cycles look set to peak in the years around 2020. [3]: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/55894/1/MPRA_paper_55894.pdf >The downward trend of the rate of profit, its empirical confirmation, highlights the historically limited nature of capitalist production. If the rate of profit marks the vitality of the system, the logical conclusion is that it approaches further to an endpoint.
23 posts and 6 images omitted.
>>2897 Very good insights for the current alienation wrought by capitalism and how it manifests. The fact that there exist "beautiful ones" in the developed capitalist countries is further evidence that we do live in post scarcity but the economic system holds us back and introduces pathologies. You rightly point out there are hostile forces discouraging socialization and encouraging alienation. Rents, fees, poverty, all caused by private property and the profit motive of capitalism. The pandemic has made the situation worse, contributing to unemployment and creating another barrier to social interaction. We will see more violence and also not see the equally damaging increase in isolation, these are the two contradictory phenomena of a collapsing society. The question remains is how to bring about a better society out of the sad state of affairs we find ourselves in? Perhaps simple group activity is enough? A social role can be found in making another person laugh which brings satisfaction to both parties. If so, then there is hope that we can fulfill the need for social roles absent of any material consumption (beyond normal intake of food and drink) and even though industrialization has reduced the necessary social roles for survival to a minimum we can still meet this need without having to consume more. >And the massive urbanization of the 20th century has huddled together so many people whereas social roles keep decreasing. Much has been said about the seeming extinction of "organic" social behavior of small cities of the past, replaced by an "artificial" behavior to be enforced, so I guess I'll cut this topic short here. I don't agree with this assessment. This is nostalgia for a past you've never experienced (assuming you are not actually 70 years old). Social behavior is simultaneously organic and artificial. Organic because we socialize to fulfill a need, artificial because the socially acceptable socialization behaviors are manipulated to serve the economic system. I also am unclear why you find urban environments to be hostile. I agree with your opinion but my reasons are more mundane: vehicle traffic, noise pollution, actual pollution, lack of space for gatherings.
>>2897 Well put comrade, have you read Hinterland, by Phil Neel?
>>2898 >I also am unclear why you find urban environments to be hostile. I agree with your opinion but my reasons are more mundane: vehicle traffic, noise pollution, actual pollution, lack of space for gatherings. None of these are inherent to the city-form. An advanced socialist city of the future could avoid or minimize these issues. I do not share the contempt for cities, but I admit that there is a large untapped potential to them. We could create clean, green, efficient, humane and beautiful cities - capitalism stands in the way.
>>2900 >None of these are inherent to the city-form Not that anon, but the entire history of cities is that of people being forced into them out of brute desperation in search of opportunities for sustenance, falling to ruin both as individuals and generationally all their time there, and fleeing as far from the city center as they can manage the moment they claw together enough resources to afford it. It's pretty obvious that people just really, really hate living in cities.
>>2896 Honestly, I'm against trying to predict the future, but I think it's hard not to let some of the "kill me now" nihilistic millennial humor creep into my thought process. Not least because I've been guilty of perpetuating that nonsense myself.

Lets Study Cinema History Comrade 05/05/2020 (Tue) 08:51:47 No. 1499 [Reply] [Last]
Quote from the Soviet film "The Great Citizen" (1937): "Oh, twenty years after a GOOD WAR, get out and take a look at the Soviet Union - composed of lets say thirty or forty republics." On January 1, 1937 as part of the so-called USSR there were only 11 republics, implying that that USSR has planned to annex at least 20 European states during WW2. Communist propaganda also portrayed total war as something "good". After the war the propaganda has drastically changed, now claiming that USSR is the "Bastion of Peace" (СССР оплот МИРА). But there is a catch, since in Russian language both "peace" and "world" have the same word "mir" (МИР). So when a Russian says "we need mir", he can mean botch "we need peace" and "we need the whole world".
1 post and 3 images omitted.
What the fuck does this has to do with cinema history?
>>1499 Nikita, please take your meds
>>1499 I've been meaning to look more into the history of Russian and Japanese cinema. Does anyone have reading recommendations on Sergei Eisenstein or Edogawa Ranpo?
>>2753 >I've been meaning to look more into the history of Russian and Japanese cinema >reading recommendations Study their movies and read what they wrote themself. Eisenstein wrote tons of theory. Eisenstein is just a small fish in a big pound of revolutionary filmakers at the time. But you need a bit of general cinematic culture tho, to say the least

I don't like reading Comrade 04/04/2020 (Sat) 13:18:46 No. 333 [Reply] [Last]
I'm a highschool drop out who never had the tension span to read anything more than 200 pages, why should I now read some 700 pages of confusing dialectics? isn't it enough to read some wikipedia articles or something? aren't there any movies that explain all the theory?
26 posts and 5 images omitted.
>>1889 Wait
>>333 >I'm a highschool drop out who never had the tension span to read anything more than 200 pages I'm in the same boat friend. undiagnosed learning disorders. My path was to listen to audio lectures by various people. Richard Wolf is a good entry point as he has all this on youtube. Just listen to these while you're on the job or go for a walk or whatever you need to do to keep listening. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3wkO3qsZY_U&list=PLPJpiw1WYdTNMCC0ypXHZ-kW7yCz4T0Zg Joining a reading group helped, and I was able to read on my own for a while when I was on medication, but those ran out and were too expensive to maintain so I just kind of gave up on reading. Still feel pretty confident in my knowledge on this stuff. Asking questions on leftypol of course also useful for learning.
I also don't read or like doing it a whole lot either but unfortunately it spells the difference between being cultured or not and the same also for achieving material wealth. I find a good way to absorb written works is by listening to audiobooks while going along with the text of it without obsessing too much over trying ti process every last word.
Build your attenion span up by reading genreshit that interests you and work your way up to big boy books.
You're not sufficiently bored by the modern consumerist life yet. You don't have to like reading, it's just better than any other form of "entertainment" these day.

(104.14 KB 1200x1091 armchair_man.jpg)
Amadeo Bordiga Comrade 06/13/2020 (Sat) 14:47:51 No. 1919 [Reply] [Last]
They're actually publishing a collection of his writings in English: https://brill.com/view/title/22024 Excuse the academic pricing; I assume Haymarket Books are going to publish a paperback edition later this year if not into the next.
9 posts omitted.
Not a leftcom, but Bordiga is such a fun read that I'll be very glad to revisit his works without having to stare at a computer screen.
what the hell
>>2695 hmm weird; looks like the pdf is still listed as "not yet available for purchase"
Great review and summary of the collection recently in the Weekly Worker: https://weeklyworker.co.uk/worker/1309/wrongly-overlooked-thinker/

(18.46 KB 1152x648 guess what it is.png)
Historian 02/29/2020 (Sat) 15:16:58 No. 110 [Reply] [Last]
let's play a game someone draws a historic event in paint and other people try to guess what event that person drew
161 posts and 38 images omitted.
>>175 Sinn Fein
>>683 I like how you made Fidel look like Wario
>>690 Mussolini's death?
>>2091 that'd be upside down
>>647 The future?

(1.35 MB 1534x942 his african culture.png)
African: culture, philosophy, art Comrade 07/29/2020 (Wed) 14:33:27 No. 2760 [Reply] [Last]
I saw this picture (pic related) on another thread, and I am actually pretty curious about the topic. Any good suggestions (books, videos, texts) for getting into African philosophy, culture and art?
>>2760 Read Bantu Philosophy by Placide Tempels first. Then read the philosophical works of Henry Odera Oruka, Achille Membe, Wole Soyinka and other such writers.


no cookies?